Caring for patients in San Francisco, California, William Fay, DDS, focuses on cosmetic orthodontics. A member of the American Dental Association and the American Association of Orthodontics, William Fay, DDS, also maintains membership with the Dental Board of California.
The Dental Board of California safeguards consumers by upholding and enforcing regulations outlined in the Dental Privacy Act. The law covers a range of topics, from licensure and special permits to use of general anesthesia and conscious sedation.
In regard to the latter, the act defines conscious anesthesia as “a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof, that retains the patient’s ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command.” The definition omits practices that involve oral medication or a mix of nitrous oxide and oxygen, individually as well as in combination with one another. Practitioners may not administer conscious sedation in outpatient cases if they do not have a license in good standing within the state and an authorized permit to use general anesthesia. Permits expire and require completion of 15 hours of conscious sedation-focused courses for renewal. Dentists must also be present during all procedures that place patients under sedation.